Guest Blog from the Surfrider Foundation San Diego County Chapter:
San Diego is the largest city in California without a plastic bag ban. After more than eight years of advocacy work by the Surfrider Foundation San Diego County Chapter and other stakeholders, San Diego is poised to become the 150th jurisdiction in the state to be subject to a plastic bag ban. On Tuesday, July 19th, during the 2pm session, the City Council will be voting on their draft Single-Use Carryout Bag Reduction Ordinance.
In late 2008, San Diego Chapter Chair, Scott Harrison, and Chapter Coordinator, Bill Hickman, spoke before the City of San Diego's Natural Resources Committee, advocating for a plastic bag ban. At that time, only three jurisdictions in the state had passed one; San Francisco, Fairfax, and Malibu. In a 2-1 vote, Councilmembers Donna Frye and Scott Peters voted to send the proposed ban to the City Attorney for review, while Councilmember Kevin Faulconer voted against the motion. However, the ordinance didn't move any further, as Mayor Jerry Sanderssquashed the will of the committee and stopped the ordinance dead in its tracks. For the next few years, the political makeup of the City Council and Mayor's office prevented a bag ban from being considered.
In the meantime, research and evidence of plastic pollution in our oceans mounted. Expeditions in the world's five oceanic gyres provided scientific evidence of the gravity of the issue. Led by Algalita Marine Research Foundation and the 5 Gyres Institute, two of the world's most prominent organizations studying plastic pollution in our oceans. The results of their research expeditions have painted a clear and unfortunate picture; our ocean is full of plastic pollution. In 2015, during a gathering of the world's leading scientists, represented by more than 80 countries, plastic pollution was tagged as one of the three biggest threats to our oceans today. The evidence is overwhelming, plastic pollution wreaks havoc on land, in our waterways, and in our oceans.
Undeterred by the lack of action by the City, Surfrider activists continued to raise awareness and educate San Diegans about the negative impacts of plastic pollution on our beaches and in our ocean. We also helped support Solana Beach, Encinitas, and Del Mar in their bag ban processes. Most recently, our activists have been working with the City of Oceanside on their bag ban. Oceanside will vote for their ordinance on August 10th. And in our efforts to ban the bag in San Diego, we continued to build a strong coalition of supporters in order to mount public pressure on our policy makers to take action. In late 2012,with the political makeup of the city council ripe for a bag ban, San Diego Surfrider activist, Roger Kube, and Surfrider’s Rise Above Plastics Director, Bill Hickman, began searching for a Councilmember to champion the bag ban efforts.
By September 2013, our champion had been identified. Led by Council President Pro Tem Sherri Lightner. The City of San Diego's Rules and Economic Development Committee voted unanimously to direct city staff to draft an ordinance for a plastic bag ban. At this time, 64 ordinances covering 84 jurisdictions across the state had passed a ban. That same month, a bi-partisan organization, Equinox Center, published a study on the Impacts of Plastic Bag Bans, examining the environmental and economic impact of plastic bags and a ban in the City of San Diego. Among other key finding from the study, reported over 95% of the 500 million plastic grocery bags used each year in the City of San Diego end up in the landfill, in our waterways, or in our ocean.
In October 2013, the committee met to review staff recommendations for the draft ordinance and once again voted unanimously to move forward. The next steps included an environmental review process and finalizing the draft ordinance language. With the expectation that San Diego would produce the most extensive environmental document possible, an Environmental Impact Report, the ordinance was expected to go to the City Council for a first reading by the summer of 2014.
However, in the wake of the resignation of former Mayor Bob Filner, in February 2014, Councilmember Kevin Faulconer was elected interim Mayor of San Diego. Mayor Faulconer had voted down the plastic bag ban in 2009 at the committee level as a Councilmember, however, he was on the Rules and Economic Development Committee that unanimously pushed the ordinance forward in 2013. Accordingly, we were hopeful that Mayor Faulconer wouldn't stall or halt the process like Mayor Sanders did in 2009. Unfortunately, we were wrong.
In June 2014, we confirmed in a meeting with Mayor Faulconer's office that the environmental review process had been put on hold. In response, Surfrider Foundation activists, led by Michael Torti and Roger Kube, along with more than 70 other supporters, showed up to City Council and demanded that the Mayor's office restart the environmental review process. Their response was that before they spent anymore resources on the local ordinance, they would wait to see if the California state legislature passed a statewide bag ban. We saw no need to wait six more months to see if the state ban was going to pass. It had failed the previous six legislative sessions and the City of San Diego had an opportunity to pass a stronger local ordinance before the state law passed.
After six years and legislative sessions trying to pass a bag ban, the California state legislator passed a statewide ban on plastic bags in October 2014. It was signed by Governor Jerry Brown in September. However, to our dismay, the plastic bag industry spent over 3 million dollars to gather enough signatures to stall the state bag ban and put a referendum on the November 2016 ballot. They "bought" their way on the ballot for pennies relative to the 200 million dollars per year they stand to lose by continuing to pollute our environment. In the spring of 2015, with enough signatures validated to put the state bag ban on hold, Surfrider activists met with the Mayor's office to confirm that the City of San Diego bag ban was going to get back on track. Fortunately, they agreed.
Over a year later, an Environmental Impact Report has been completed and we're on the cusp of a vote by the San Diego City Council. To date, there are 120 bag ban ordinances covering 149 jurisdictions in California. It's been a long road to get here, but we're optimistic that there are the five necessary votes in order to pass the ban. However, we need YOUR help!
Please join us on Monday, July 19th, at 2pm, at 202 C St San Diego, CA 92101 to show your support for the City of San Diego's plastic bag ban. Click here on July 12th to confirm the time and agenda for the meeting. In removing 500 million plastic carryout bags each year, we are taking a huge step in reducing plastic pollution at its source and ultimately protecting our oceans and beaches.